Einwohnerzahl von island

einwohnerzahl von island

Auf dieser Seite von Europa-auf-einen-Blick finden Sie allgemeine Daten wie Fläche, Einwohnerzahlen oder Bruttosozialprodukt sowie eine Landkarte von. Mit einem Durchschnitt von etwa drei Einwohner pro Quadratkilometer ist Island das am dünnsten besiedelste Land Europas. Gut vier Fünftel von Island sind. Island: Gesamtbevölkerung von bis (in Einwohner). Gesamtbevölkerung von Island bis Die Statistik zeigt die Entwicklung der.

Albanian Americans are most highly concentrated in the Bronx. The New York region continues to be by far the leading metropolitan gateway for legal immigrants admitted into the United States, substantially exceeding the combined totals of Los Angeles and Miami.

Dynes , author of the Encyclopedia of Homosexuality , wrote that drag queens were the only "transgender folks around" during the June Stonewall riots.

New York City has a high degree of income disparity as indicated by its Gini Coefficient of 0. New York is a global hub of business and commerce.

The Port of New York and New Jersey is also a major economic engine, handling record cargo volume in , over 6. Many Fortune corporations are headquartered in New York City, [] as are a large number of multinational corporations.

One out of ten private sector jobs in the city is with a foreign company. Other important sectors include medical research and technology, non-profit institutions, and universities.

Several investment banks and investment managers headquartered in Manhattan are important participants in other global financial centers.

Manhattan contained over million square feet On December 19, , then Mayor Michael R. Tourism is a vital industry for New York City, which has witnessed a growing combined volume of international and domestic tourists, receiving an eighth consecutive annual record of approximately The trademarked logo, owned by New York State Empire State Development , [] appears in souvenir shops and brochures throughout the city and state, some licensed, many not.

The song is the state song of New York. New York is a prominent location for the American entertainment industry , with many films , television series, books, and other media being set there.

New York City is additionally a center for the advertising , music, newspaper, digital media, and publishing industries and is also the largest media market in North America.

Universal Music Group also has offices in New York. More than newspapers and consumer magazines have an office in the city, [] and the publishing industry employs about 25, people.

Major tabloid newspapers in the city include: The Village Voice , historically the largest alternative newspaper in the United States, announced in that it would cease publication of its print edition and convert to a fully digital venture.

The three major American broadcast networks are all headquartered in New York: The City of New York operates a public broadcast service, NYC Media , [] that has produced several original Emmy Award -winning shows covering music and culture in city neighborhoods and city government.

WBAI , with news and information programming, is one of the few socialist radio stations operating in the United States.

New York is also a major center for non-commercial educational media. The oldest public-access television channel in the United States is the Manhattan Neighborhood Network , founded in WNYC , a public radio station owned by the city until , has the largest public radio audience in the United States.

The city government pays the Pelham Public Schools to educate a very small, detached section of the Bronx.

The city also has other smaller private colleges and universities, including many religious and special-purpose institutions, such as St.

Much of the scientific research in the city is done in medicine and the life sciences. New York City has the most postgraduate life sciences degrees awarded annually in the United States, with Nobel laureates having roots in local institutions as of [update] ; [] while in , 43, licensed physicians were practicing in New York City.

Bellevue is the designated hospital for treatment of the President of the United States and other world leaders if they become sick or injured while in New York City.

Crime has continued an overall downward trend in New York City since the s. In , New York City had the third lowest murder rate among the largest U.

Some attribute the phenomenon to new tactics used by the NYPD, [] including its use of CompStat and the broken windows theory.

A strong correlation was found demonstrating that violent crime rates in New York and other big cities began to fall after lead was removed from American gasoline in the s.

The 20th century saw a rise in the Mafia , dominated by the Five Families , as well as in gangs , including the Black Spades.

The New York City Fire Department FDNY , provides fire protection , technical rescue, primary response to biological, chemical, and radioactive hazards, and emergency medical services for the five boroughs of New York City.

In addition to responding to building types that range from wood-frame single family homes to high-rise structures , there are many secluded bridges and tunnels, as well as large parks and wooded areas that can give rise to brush fires.

New York is also home to one of the largest subway systems in the world, consisting of hundreds of miles of tunnel with electrified track.

Numerous major American cultural movements began in the city, such as the Harlem Renaissance , which established the African-American literary canon in the United States.

New York has long had a flourishing scene for Jewish American literature. The city is the birthplace of many cultural movements, including the Harlem Renaissance in literature and visual art; abstract expressionism also known as the New York School in painting; and hip hop , [] punk , salsa , freestyle , Tin Pan Alley , certain forms of jazz , and along with Philadelphia disco in music.

New York City has been considered the dance capital of the world. One of the most common traits attributed to New York City is its fast pace , [28] which spawned the term New York minute.

New York City has more than 2, arts and cultural organizations and more than art galleries of all sizes.

The advent of electric lighting led to elaborate theater productions, and in the s, New York City theaters on Broadway and along 42nd Street began featuring a new stage form that became known as the Broadway musical.

Cohan , and others used song in narratives that often reflected themes of hope and ambition. New York City itself is the subject or background of many plays and musicals.

Broadway theatre is one of the premier forms of English-language theatre in the world, named after Broadway , the major thoroughfare that crosses Times Square , [] also sometimes referred to as " The Great White Way ".

Attendance in — stood at New York City is home to hundreds of cultural institutions and historic sites, many of which are internationally known.

Ten museums occupy the length of this section of Fifth Avenue. In addition to other programming, the museums collaborate for the annual Museum Mile Festival, held each year in June, to promote the museums and increase visitation.

Central and Eastern European immigrants, especially Jewish immigrants from those regions, brought bagels , cheesecake , hot dogs , knishes , and delicatessens or delis to the city.

Italian immigrants brought New York-style pizza and Italian cuisine into the city, while Jewish immigrants and Irish immigrants brought pastrami and corned beef , respectively.

Chinese and other Asian restaurants, sandwich joints, trattorias , diners , and coffeehouses are ubiquitous throughout the city.

Some 4, mobile food vendors licensed by the city, many immigrant-owned, have made Middle Eastern foods such as falafel and kebabs [] examples of modern New York street food.

The city is home to "nearly one thousand of the finest and most diverse haute cuisine restaurants in the world", according to Michelin.

New York City is well known for its street parades , which celebrate a broad array of themes, including holidays, nationalities, human rights, and major league sports team championship victories.

The majority of parades are held in Manhattan. The primary orientation of the annual street parades is typically from north to south, marching along major avenues.

Ticker-tape parades celebrating championships won by sports teams as well as other heroic accomplishments march northward along the Canyon of Heroes on Broadway from Bowling Green to City Hall Park in Lower Manhattan.

The New York area is home to a distinctive regional speech pattern called the New York dialect , alternatively known as Brooklynese or New Yorkese.

It has generally been considered one of the most recognizable accents within American English. This is often misperceived by speakers of other accents as a reversal of the er and oy sounds, so that girl is pronounced "goil" and oil is pronounced "erl"; this leads to the caricature of New Yorkers saying things like "Joizey" Jersey , "Toidy-Toid Street" 33rd St.

The classic version of the New York City dialect is generally centered on middle and working-class New Yorkers.

The influx of non-European immigrants in recent decades has led to changes in this distinctive dialect, [] and the traditional form of this speech pattern is no longer as prevalent among general New Yorkers as it has been in the past.

Participation in professional sports in the city predates all professional leagues, and the city has been continuously hosting professional sports since the birth of the Brooklyn Dodgers in The city has played host to over forty major professional teams in the five sports and their respective competing leagues, both current and historic.

New York has been described as the "Capital of Baseball". Additionally, there have been 14 World Series in which two New York City teams played each other, known as a Subway Series and occurring most recently in No other metropolitan area has had this happen more than once Chicago in , St.

Louis in , and the San Francisco Bay Area in The Yankees have won a record 27 championships, [] while the Mets have won the World Series twice.

Both teams moved to California in The metropolitan area is home to three National Hockey League teams. The New Jersey Devils play at Prudential Center in nearby Newark, New Jersey and traditionally represent the counties of neighboring New Jersey which are coextensive with the boundaries of the New York metropolitan area and media market.

The first national college-level basketball championship, the National Invitation Tournament , was held in New York in and remains in the city. The Cosmos play their home games at James M.

The city also hosted the U. Open golf tournament and the and PGA Championships, and has been host city for both events several times, most notably for nearby Winged Foot Golf Club.

The iconic New York City Subway system is the largest rapid transit system in the world when measured by stations in operation, with , and by length of routes.

Public transport is essential in New York City. The combined systems converge at Grand Central Terminal and Pennsylvania Station and contain more than stations and 20 rail lines.

The Staten Island Railway rapid transit system solely serves Staten Island, operating 24 hours a day. The three busiest airports in the New York metropolitan area include John F.

The primary general aviation airport serving the area is Teterboro Airport. Ride-sharing services have become significant competition for cab drivers in New York.

Because these highways serve millions of outer borough and suburban residents who commute into Manhattan, it is quite common for motorists to be stranded for hours in traffic jams that are a daily occurrence, particularly during rush hour.

New York City is also known for its rules regarding turning at red lights. Unlike the rest of the United States, New York State prohibits right or left turns on red in cities with a population greater than one million, to reduce traffic collisions and increase pedestrian safety.

In New York City, therefore, all turns at red lights are illegal unless a sign permitting such maneuvers is present.

This situation of boroughs separated by water led to the development of an extensive infrastructure of well-known bridges and tunnels.

The towers of the Brooklyn Bridge are built of limestone , granite , and Rosendale cement, and their architectural style is neo-Gothic, with characteristic pointed arches above the passageways through the stone towers.

This bridge was also the longest suspension bridge in the world from its opening until , and is the first steel-wire suspension bridge.

The Queensboro Bridge is an important piece of cantilever architecture. The Manhattan Bridge , opened in , is considered to be the forerunner of modern suspension bridges , and its design served as the model for many of the long-span suspension bridges around the world; the Manhattan Bridge, Throgs Neck Bridge , Triborough Bridge , and Verrazano-Narrows Bridge are all examples of Structural Expressionism.

The Lincoln Tunnel , which carries , vehicles a day under the Hudson River between New Jersey and Midtown Manhattan, is the busiest vehicular tunnel in the world.

Roosevelt was the first person to drive through it. New York City has focused on reducing its environmental impact and carbon footprint. The city government was a petitioner in the landmark Massachusetts v.

The city is a leader in the construction of energy-efficient green office buildings , including the Hearst Tower among others.

New York City is supplied with drinking water by the protected Catskill Mountains watershed. Newtown Creek , a 3.

New York City has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor—council form of government [] since its consolidation in In New York City, the city government is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services.

The Mayor and council members are elected to four-year terms. The City Council is a unicameral body consisting of 51 council members whose districts are defined by geographic population boundaries.

Each borough is coextensive with a judicial district of the state Unified Court System , of which the Criminal Court and the Civil Court are the local courts, while the New York Supreme Court conducts major trials and appeals.

There are also several extrajudicial administrative courts , which are executive agencies and not part of the state Unified Court System.

Uniquely among major American cities, New York is divided between, and is host to the main branches of, two different US district courts: The present mayor is Bill de Blasio , the first Democrat since The Democratic Party holds the majority of public offices.

Party platforms center on affordable housing, education, and economic development, and labor politics are of importance in the city. New York is the most important source of political fundraising in the United States, as four of the top five ZIP Codes in the nation for political contributions are in Manhattan.

Bush and John Kerry. Through this program, New York City has expanded its international outreach to a network of cities worldwide, promoting the exchange of ideas and innovation between their citizenry and policymakers.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Largest city in the United States. City in the United States. See Nicknames of New York City.

Timelines of town creation. Places adjacent to New York City. Downtown Brooklyn at the western end of Long Island.

At left is the Queensboro Bridge , connecting Queens to Manhattan. The Zoning Resolution required setbacks in new buildings and restricted towers to a percentage of the lot size , to allow sunlight to reach the streets below.

The buildings have distinctive ornamentation, such as the eagles at the corners of the 61st floor on the Chrysler Building, and are considered some of the finest examples of the Art Deco style.

According to the United States Geological Survey , an updated analysis of seismic hazard in July revealed a "slightly lower hazard for tall buildings" in New York City than previously assessed.

Scientists estimated this lessened risk based upon a lower likelihood than previously thought of slow shaking near the city, which would be more likely to cause damage to taller structures from an earthquake in the vicinity of the city.

New York City is often referred to collectively as the five boroughs , and in turn, there are hundreds of distinct neighborhoods throughout the boroughs, many with a definable history and character to call their own.

Winters are cold and damp, and prevailing wind patterns that blow offshore temper the moderating effects of the Atlantic Ocean; yet the Atlantic and the partial shielding from colder air by the Appalachians keep the city warmer in the winter than inland North American cities at similar or lesser latitudes such as Pittsburgh , Cincinnati , and Indianapolis.

Summers are typically warm to hot and humid, with a daily mean temperature of The city receives Average winter snowfall between and has been Hurricanes and tropical storms are rare in the New York area.

See Geography of New York City for additional climate information from the outer boroughs. See or edit raw graph data. Gateway National Recreation Area contains over 26, acres 10, Hundreds of private properties are listed on the National Register of Historic Places or as a National Historic Landmark such as, for example, the Stonewall Inn , part of the Stonewall National Monument in Greenwich Village , as the catalyst of the modern gay rights movement.

It also houses the th Transportation Brigade, the nd Aeromedical Staging Squadron, and a military entrance processing station.

Other formerly active military reservations still utilized for National Guard and military training or reserve operations in the city include Fort Wadsworth in Staten Island and Fort Totten in Queens.

New York City is the most populous city in the United States, [9] with an estimated record high of 8,, residents as of [update] , [7] incorporating more immigration into the city than outmigration since the United States Census.

Throughout its history, the city has been a major port of entry for immigrants into the United States; more than 12 million European immigrants were received at Ellis Island between and By , Germans constituted the largest immigrant group, followed by the Irish , Jews , and Italians.

Filipinos were the largest Southeast Asian ethnic group at 0. Indians are the largest South Asian group, comprising 2. Additionally, Greek and French Americans numbered 65, each, with those of Hungarian descent estimated at 60, people.

Ukrainian and Scottish Americans numbered 55, and 35,, respectively. Albanian Americans are most highly concentrated in the Bronx. The New York region continues to be by far the leading metropolitan gateway for legal immigrants admitted into the United States, substantially exceeding the combined totals of Los Angeles and Miami.

Dynes , author of the Encyclopedia of Homosexuality , wrote that drag queens were the only "transgender folks around" during the June Stonewall riots.

New York City has a high degree of income disparity as indicated by its Gini Coefficient of 0. New York is a global hub of business and commerce.

The Port of New York and New Jersey is also a major economic engine, handling record cargo volume in , over 6. Many Fortune corporations are headquartered in New York City, [] as are a large number of multinational corporations.

One out of ten private sector jobs in the city is with a foreign company. Other important sectors include medical research and technology, non-profit institutions, and universities.

On December 19, , then Mayor Michael R. Tourism is a vital industry for New York City, which has witnessed a growing combined volume of international and domestic tourists, receiving an eighth consecutive annual record of approximately The trademarked logo, owned by New York State Empire State Development , [] appears in souvenir shops and brochures throughout the city and state, some licensed, many not.

The song is the state song of New York. New York is a prominent location for the American entertainment industry , with many films , television series, books, and other media being set there.

New York City is additionally a center for the advertising , music, newspaper, digital media, and publishing industries and is also the largest media market in North America.

Universal Music Group also has offices in New York. More than newspapers and consumer magazines have an office in the city, [] and the publishing industry employs about 25, people.

Major tabloid newspapers in the city include: The Village Voice , historically the largest alternative newspaper in the United States, announced in that it would cease publication of its print edition and convert to a fully digital venture.

The three major American broadcast networks are all headquartered in New York: The City of New York operates a public broadcast service, NYC Media , [] that has produced several original Emmy Award -winning shows covering music and culture in city neighborhoods and city government.

WBAI , with news and information programming, is one of the few socialist radio stations operating in the United States.

New York is also a major center for non-commercial educational media. The oldest public-access television channel in the United States is the Manhattan Neighborhood Network , founded in WNYC , a public radio station owned by the city until , has the largest public radio audience in the United States.

The city government pays the Pelham Public Schools to educate a very small, detached section of the Bronx. Much of the scientific research in the city is done in medicine and the life sciences.

New York City has the most postgraduate life sciences degrees awarded annually in the United States, with Nobel laureates having roots in local institutions as of [update] ; [] while in , 43, licensed physicians were practicing in New York City.

Bellevue is the designated hospital for treatment of the President of the United States and other world leaders if they become sick or injured while in New York City.

Crime has continued an overall downward trend in New York City since the s. In , New York City had the third lowest murder rate among the largest U.

Some attribute the phenomenon to new tactics used by the NYPD, [] including its use of CompStat and the broken windows theory.

A strong correlation was found demonstrating that violent crime rates in New York and other big cities began to fall after lead was removed from American gasoline in the s.

island einwohnerzahl von - advise you

Es wurde eine Behörde für Fragen der Landesverteidigung eingerichtet, die die elektronische Luftraumüberwachung aus amerikanischer Regie übernahm. Das isländische Volk musste viele Qualen durchleben. Man hat auch einige noch erhaltene gefunden, wie zum Beispiel die Snorralaug in Reykholt oder das Gvendarlaug. Aus Island stammen eine Reihe international erfolgreicher Künstler wie beispielsweise die Musikerin Björk , die vor ihrer Solokarriere in der isländischen Band Sugarcubes sang. Bei der Rangliste der Pressefreiheit , welche von Reporter ohne Grenzen herausgegeben wird, belegte Island Platz 13 von Ländern. Alle Isländer sind mit Björk verwandt. Nach knapp 20 Jahren erzwungener Pause hat Island , trotz internationalen Protests, wieder ein als wissenschaftlich deklariertes Walfangprogramm aufgenommen. Kern der isländischen Landwirtschaft ist die Nutztierhaltung, hauptsächlich Schafe, Islandpferde und Rinder.

Einwohnerzahl von island - all

Das Pferd hat also immer ein Bein am Boden, was für den Reiter sehr bequem ist und seinen Rücken schont. Zudem ist das Wasser kaum mit Schadstoffen belastet, weshalb im Meer um die Insel rund Fischarten leben. Befreundete Geschwader werden dann auf dem ehemaligen amerikanischen Stützpunkt einquartiert. Die Daten werden für den 1. Der Tourismus ist in den letzten Jahrzehnten für Island zu einer immer wichtigeren Quelle für Deviseneinnahmen geworden. Zugleich stieg auch die Zahl der Übernachtungen in Hotels und Gästehäusern sowie auf Bauernhöfen auf dem Land deutlich. Auf Island gibt es keine Schlangen Besonders gut lässt sich die Pflanzen- und Tierwelt in den drei Nationalparks Islands beobachten. Deshalb wurde die App für ios auf vier Seemeilen ausgedehnt. Auf den Hofwiesen blüht viel Löwenzahn und in den Bergen das Alpenröschen. Nur das Befahren von ausgewiesenen Strecken ist also erlaubt. Lage Islands auf der Nordhalbkugel. Auch die Gebiete der Westfjorde und der Ostfjordedie thrills casino tief in bergiges Land einschneiden, javascript download android zu Wanderungen ein. Allgemeine Staatslehre und Deutsches Staatsrecht. Bis heute basketball argentinien isländische Firmen Walfang vor Island. Ein Drittel der Enten- und Sägerarten überwintert dort. Regierung in Island bricht auseinander.

Sie ziehen, innerhalb festgelegter Landwirtschaftsbezirke, frei umher. Die erhoffte wirtschaftliche Bedeutung haben sie aber nie erlangt.

Island ist die Heimat des Islandpferdes. Als bekanntester Vogel Islands gilt der Papageitaucher. Bergenten und Spatelenten bekannt.

Zudem ist das Wasser kaum mit Schadstoffen belastet, weshalb im Meer um die Insel rund Fischarten leben. Die Flora Islands weist einige endemische Arten auf.

Die restlichen Pflanzenarten waren und sind dem rauen Klima angepasst. Klippen-Leimkraut , eine der ersten Pflanzenarten, die Lavafelder besiedeln und daher viel im Hochland zu finden sind.

Besonders beliebt ist die Engelwurz , die man traditionell auch zur Teeherstellung und als Heilkraut kennt.

Mit Stand vom 1. Januar einer anderen nicht staatlich registrierten Glaubensgemeinschaft an oder machten keine Angaben. Entwickelt hat sie sich aus dem Altnordischen.

Die Aussprache hat sich in dieser Zeit jedoch durchaus gewandelt. In Island sind die Vornamen der wichtigste Teil des Namens.

In den Familien werden die Vornamen oft weitergegeben. Um Verwechslungen zu vermeiden, erhalten die Kinder oft mehrere Namen.

Damit wird auch nach der Familie gefragt. Die Insel ist wie kein anderes Land auf diese Rechte angewiesen. Das Althing , die Legislative , besteht aus 63 Abgeordneten.

Die Judikative ist in Island zweistufig gegliedert. Die Bezirksgerichte bilden die untere Ebene. The metropolitan area surpassed the 10 million mark in the early s, becoming the first megacity in human history.

Returning World War II veterans created a post-war economic boom and the development of large housing tracts in eastern Queens and Nassau County as well as similar suburban areas in New Jersey.

The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, , at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan.

They are widely considered to constitute the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement [] [] [] and the modern fight for LGBT rights in the United States.

In the s, job losses due to industrial restructuring caused New York City to suffer from economic problems and rising crime rates.

The city and surrounding area suffered the bulk of the economic damage and largest loss of human life in the aftermath of the September 11, attacks when 10 of the 19 terrorists associated with Al-Qaeda piloted American Airlines Flight 11 into the North Tower of the World Trade Center and United Airlines Flight into the South Tower of the World Trade Center, and later destroyed them , killing 2, civilians , firefighters , and 71 law enforcement officers who were in the towers and in the surrounding area.

The North Tower was subsequently the tallest building ever to be destroyed and still is. A temporary station was built and opened on November 23, The Occupy Wall Street protests in Zuccotti Park in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan began on September 17, , receiving global attention and popularizing the Occupy movement against social and economic inequality worldwide.

The Bronx River , which flows through the Bronx and Westchester County , is the only entirely fresh water river in the city. The Zoning Resolution required setbacks in new buildings and restricted towers to a percentage of the lot size , to allow sunlight to reach the streets below.

Following the purchase, New Amsterdam grew slowly. This program had little success. In —, in an effort to bolster economic growth, the Dutch West India Company relinquished its monopoly over the fur trade, leading to growth in the production and trade of food, timber, tobacco, and slaves particularly with the Dutch West Indies.

During his tenure, the population of New Netherland grew from 2, to 8, He instituted regulations on liquor sales, attempted to assert control over the Dutch Reformed Church , and blocked other religious groups including Quakers , Jews , and Lutherans from establishing houses of worship.

In , unable to summon any significant resistance, Stuyvesant surrendered New Amsterdam to English troops, led by Colonel Richard Nicolls , without bloodshed.

Several intertribal wars among the Native Americans and some epidemics brought on by contact with the Europeans caused sizeable population losses for the Lenape between the years and New York grew in importance as a trading port while under British rule in the early s.

Discovery of the African Burying Ground in the s, during construction of a new federal courthouse near Foley Square , revealed that tens of thousands of Africans had been buried in the area in the colonial years.

The trial and acquittal in Manhattan of John Peter Zenger , who had been accused of seditious libel after criticizing colonial governor William Cosby , helped to establish the freedom of the press in North America.

The Stamp Act Congress met in New York in October , as the Sons of Liberty , organized in the city, skirmished over the next ten years with British troops stationed there.

The Battle of Long Island , the largest battle of the American Revolutionary War , was fought in August within the modern-day borough of Brooklyn.

After the battle, in which the Americans were defeated, the British made the city their military and political base of operations in North America.

The city was a haven for Loyalist refugees and escaped slaves who joined the British lines for freedom newly promised by the Crown for all fighters.

As many as 10, escaped slaves crowded into the city during the British occupation. When the British forces evacuated at the close of the war in , they transported 3, freedmen for resettlement in Nova Scotia.

They resettled other freedmen in England and the Caribbean. The only attempt at a peaceful solution to the war took place at the Conference House on Staten Island between American delegates , including Benjamin Franklin , and British general Lord Howe on September 11, Shortly after the British occupation began, the Great Fire of New York occurred, a large conflagration on the West Side of Lower Manhattan, which destroyed about a quarter of the buildings in the city, including Trinity Church.

In , the assembly of the Congress of the Confederation made New York City the national capital shortly after the war.

New York was the last capital of the U. New York interracial abolitionist activism continued; among its leaders were graduates of the African Free School.

In the 19th century, the city was transformed by development relating to its status as a trading center, as well as by European immigration.

The completion of the Erie Canal through central New York connected the Atlantic port to the agricultural markets and commodities of the North American interior via the Hudson River and the Great Lakes.

Public-minded members of the contemporaneous business elite lobbied for the establishment of Central Park , which in became the first landscaped park in an American city.

In , Mayor Fernando Wood called upon the aldermen to declare independence from Albany and the United States after the South seceded, but his proposal was not acted on.

Rioters burned the Colored Orphan Asylum to the ground, with more than children escaping harm due to efforts of the New York City Police Department , which was mainly made up of Irish immigrants.

McPherson , at least people were killed. In all, eleven black men were lynched over five days, and the riots forced hundreds of blacks to flee the city for Williamsburg , Brooklyn, and New Jersey; the black population in Manhattan fell below 10, by , which it had last been in The white working class had established dominance.

In , the modern City of New York was formed with the consolidation of Brooklyn until then a separate city , the County of New York which then included parts of the Bronx , the County of Richmond, and the western portion of the County of Queens.

Throughout the first half of the 20th century, the city became a world center for industry, commerce, and communication. In , the steamship General Slocum caught fire in the East River , killing 1, people on board.

The Harlem Renaissance of literary and cultural life flourished during the era of Prohibition. The larger economic boom generated construction of skyscrapers competing in height and creating an identifiable skyline.

New York became the most populous urbanized area in the world in the early s, overtaking London. The metropolitan area surpassed the 10 million mark in the early s, becoming the first megacity in human history.

Returning World War II veterans created a post-war economic boom and the development of large housing tracts in eastern Queens and Nassau County as well as similar suburban areas in New Jersey.

The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid that took place in the early morning hours of June 28, , at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan.

They are widely considered to constitute the single most important event leading to the gay liberation movement [] [] [] and the modern fight for LGBT rights in the United States.

In the s, job losses due to industrial restructuring caused New York City to suffer from economic problems and rising crime rates.

The city suffered the bulk of the economic damage and largest loss of human life in the aftermath of the September 11, attacks. Two of the four airliners highjacked that day were flown into the twin towers of the World Trade Center, destroying them and killing 2, civilians, firefighters, and 71 law enforcement officers.

The North Tower was subsequently the tallest building ever to be destroyed and still is. A temporary station was built and opened on November 23, The Occupy Wall Street protests in Zuccotti Park in the Financial District of Lower Manhattan began on September 17, , receiving global attention and popularizing the Occupy movement against social and economic inequality worldwide.

The Bronx River , which flows through the Bronx and Westchester County , is the only entirely fresh water river in the city.

New York has architecturally noteworthy buildings in a wide range of styles and from distinct time periods, from the saltbox style Pieter Claesen Wyckoff House in Brooklyn, the oldest section of which dates to , to the modern One World Trade Center , the skyscraper at Ground Zero in Lower Manhattan and the most expensive office tower in the world by construction cost.

The Zoning Resolution required setbacks in new buildings and restricted towers to a percentage of the lot size , to allow sunlight to reach the streets below.

The buildings have distinctive ornamentation, such as the eagles at the corners of the 61st floor on the Chrysler Building, and are considered some of the finest examples of the Art Deco style.

In neighborhoods such as Riverdale in the Bronx , Ditmas Park in Brooklyn , and Douglaston in Queens , large single-family homes are common in various architectural styles such as Tudor Revival and Victorian.

In the s, the city required their installation on buildings higher than six stories to prevent the need for excessively high water pressures at lower elevations, which could break municipal water pipes.

According to the United States Geological Survey , an updated analysis of seismic hazard in July revealed a "slightly lower hazard for tall buildings" in New York City than previously assessed.

Scientists estimated this lessened risk based upon a lower likelihood than previously thought of slow shaking near the city, which would be more likely to cause damage to taller structures from an earthquake in the vicinity of the city.

New York City is often referred to collectively as the five boroughs , and in turn, there are hundreds of distinct neighborhoods throughout the boroughs, many with a definable history and character to call their own.

The suburbs to the immediate north and west lie in the transitional zone between humid subtropical and humid continental climates Dfa. Winters are cold and damp.

Spring and autumn are unpredictable and can range from chilly to warm, although they are usually mild with low humidity.

Summers are typically warm to hot and humid, with a daily mean temperature of The city receives Average winter snowfall between and has been Hurricanes and tropical storms are rare in the New York area.

See Geography of New York City for additional climate information from the outer boroughs. See or edit raw graph data. Gateway National Recreation Area contains over 26, acres 10, Hundreds of private properties are listed on the National Register of Historic Places or as a National Historic Landmark such as, for example, the Stonewall Inn , part of the Stonewall National Monument in Greenwich Village , as the catalyst of the modern gay rights movement.

It also houses the th Transportation Brigade, the nd Aeromedical Staging Squadron, and a military entrance processing station. Other formerly active military reservations still utilized for National Guard and military training or reserve operations in the city include Fort Wadsworth in Staten Island and Fort Totten in Queens.

New York City is the most populous city in the United States, [12] with an estimated record high of 8,, residents as of [update] , [5] incorporating more immigration into the city than outmigration since the United States Census.

Throughout its history, the city has been a major port of entry for immigrants into the United States; more than 12 million European immigrants were received at Ellis Island between and By , Germans constituted the largest immigrant group, followed by the Irish , Jews , and Italians.

Filipinos were the largest Southeast Asian ethnic group at 0. Indians are the largest South Asian group, comprising 2. Additionally, Greek and French Americans numbered 65, each, with those of Hungarian descent estimated at 60, people.

Ukrainian and Scottish Americans numbered 55, and 35,, respectively. People identifying ancestry from Spain numbered 30, total in Albanian Americans are most highly concentrated in the Bronx.

The New York region continues to be by far the leading metropolitan gateway for legal immigrants admitted into the United States, substantially exceeding the combined totals of Los Angeles and Miami.

Dynes , author of the Encyclopedia of Homosexuality , wrote that drag queens were the only "transgender folks around" during the June Stonewall riots.

New York City has a high degree of income disparity as indicated by its Gini Coefficient of 0. New York is a global hub of business and commerce.

The Port of New York and New Jersey is also a major economic engine, handling record cargo volume in , over 6. Many Fortune corporations are headquartered in New York City, [] as are a large number of multinational corporations.

One out of ten private sector jobs in the city is with a foreign company. The iconic New York City Subway system is the largest rapid transit system in the world when measured by stations in operation, with , and by length of routes.

Public transport is essential in New York City. The combined systems converge at Grand Central Terminal and Pennsylvania Station and contain more than stations and 20 rail lines.

The Staten Island Railway rapid transit system solely serves Staten Island, operating 24 hours a day. The three busiest airports in the New York metropolitan area include John F.

The primary general aviation airport serving the area is Teterboro Airport. Ride-sharing services have become significant competition for cab drivers in New York.

Because these highways serve millions of outer borough and suburban residents who commute into Manhattan, it is quite common for motorists to be stranded for hours in traffic jams that are a daily occurrence, particularly during rush hour.

New York City is also known for its rules regarding turning at red lights. Unlike the rest of the United States, New York State prohibits right or left turns on red in cities with a population greater than one million, to reduce traffic collisions and increase pedestrian safety.

In New York City, therefore, all turns at red lights are illegal unless a sign permitting such maneuvers is present. This situation of boroughs separated by water led to the development of an extensive infrastructure of well-known bridges and tunnels.

The towers of the Brooklyn Bridge are built of limestone , granite , and Rosendale cement, and their architectural style is neo-Gothic, with characteristic pointed arches above the passageways through the stone towers.

This bridge was also the longest suspension bridge in the world from its opening until , and is the first steel-wire suspension bridge.

The Queensboro Bridge is an important piece of cantilever architecture. The Manhattan Bridge , opened in , is considered to be the forerunner of modern suspension bridges , and its design served as the model for many of the long-span suspension bridges around the world; the Manhattan Bridge, Throgs Neck Bridge , Triborough Bridge , and Verrazano-Narrows Bridge are all examples of Structural Expressionism.

The Lincoln Tunnel , which carries , vehicles a day under the Hudson River between New Jersey and Midtown Manhattan, is the busiest vehicular tunnel in the world.

New York City has focused on reducing its environmental impact and carbon footprint. The city government was a petitioner in the landmark Massachusetts v.

The city is a leader in the construction of energy-efficient green office buildings , including the Hearst Tower among others.

New York City is supplied with drinking water by the protected Catskill Mountains watershed. Newtown Creek , a 3.

New York City has been a metropolitan municipality with a mayor—council form of government [] since its consolidation in In New York City, the city government is responsible for public education, correctional institutions, public safety, recreational facilities, sanitation, water supply, and welfare services.

The Mayor and council members are elected to four-year terms. The City Council is a unicameral body consisting of 51 council members whose districts are defined by geographic population boundaries.

Each borough is coextensive with a judicial district of the state Unified Court System , of which the Criminal Court and the Civil Court are the local courts, while the New York Supreme Court conducts major trials and appeals.

There are also several extrajudicial administrative courts , which are executive agencies and not part of the state Unified Court System. Uniquely among major American cities, New York is divided between, and is host to the main branches of, two different US district courts: The present mayor is Bill de Blasio , the first Democrat since The Democratic Party holds the majority of public offices.

Party platforms center on affordable housing, education, and economic development, and labor politics are of importance in the city.

New York is the most important source of political fundraising in the United States, as four of the top five ZIP Codes in the nation for political contributions are in Manhattan.

Bush and John Kerry. Through this program, New York City has expanded its international outreach to a network of cities worldwide, promoting the exchange of ideas and innovation between their citizenry and policymakers.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Largest city in the United States. City in United States. Timelines of town creation.

Places adjacent to New York City. Downtown Brooklyn at the western end of Long Island. At left is the Queensboro Bridge , connecting Queens to Manhattan.

The Chrysler Building , above, built in , is an example of the Art Deco style, with ornamental hub caps and a spire.

City of New York. State of New York. New York State Parks. Parks and recreation in New York City. Clockwise, from upper left: Religious affiliations in New York City.

Ultra-Orthodox Jewish residents in Brooklyn. Brooklyn has the largest Jewish community in the United States, with approximately , individuals.

Mahayana Buddhist Temple in Chinatown, Manhattan. Atheism , promoted on an electronic billboard in Times Square , is observed by a significant proportion of New Yorkers.

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